Polish verbs again

Polish

asked by
Ania Marysia
published
4 months ago

How come some verbs have no dk form like jeździć or chodzić?

Which other verbs are like that? Is there any logical explanation behind it or not?

Czasowniki nieprzechodnie niedokonane

1 answer
answered by
Pawel
published
about 2 months ago

Hi Ania, let me try to explain...

Czasowniki przechodnie i nieprzechodnie

Czasowniki przechodnie, they have got both active and passive voice. For instance, the verb gotować to cook:

Ona gotuje obiad She cooks dinner

Obiad jest gotowany The dinner is cooked

However, czasowniki nieprzechodnie, there is only active voice. For instance verb spać to sleep: On śpi na łóżku He sleeps on the bed

Czasowniki dokonane i niedokonane

I think we talked about it before, this is also called aspekt dokonany i niedokonany. Basically the same verbs have slightly different forms depending on the meaning. Let's have a look at the verb to write pisać / napisać

If we describe not finished, repetetive action, we would use askept niedokonany:

Co tydzień piszę do niej list I write her a letter every week

But if we are talking in a certain, individual action, we would use aspekt dokonany.

Muszę napisać list I have to write a letter

A few more exaples czytać, przeczytać to read, gotować, ugotować to cook, robić, zrobić to do, oglądać, obejrzeć to watch

I hope this helps. When you see a verb in the sentence, try to notice its form and usage. Perhaps a good dictionary gives two forms of the verb and this may also be helpful ...

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