Hi! It's me again. Can you explain past simple please?1 answer
Hi again! 😀 Sure, I will explain you this one too.
We use past simple in following situations:
to tell about something that happened at a given moment in the past We saw a good film last week. I shaved this morning. (morning is a finished, closed period of time) She finished her work at seven o'clock. As we can see, in these sentences we often see information when the action took place. For instance: last week, when I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago, at 5 o'clock, in 1997
to tell about historical facts and past events Christopher Columbus sailed to America in 1492. People lived in caves a long time ago. Mozart was an Austrian composer. He started composing at the age of five and wrote 600 pieces of music.
to describe events that have lasted for some time and ended in the past I lived in Poland for two years. (but I don't live there any more) John studied Japanese for four years. (but he doesn't study it any more) They sat at the beach all day.
along with the Past Continuous tense to tell you that something happened during another activity We were watching TV when the telephone rang.
We can create sentences in the past simple relatively easily. All you have to do is to add ed ending to the basic form of the verb. Below a few sentences in the past simple tense.
The schema of creating declarative sentences is as follows:
|Subject||+ verb in the basic form with the ending ed|
|I, My father, Tom, American students, You, We, They, Guardians of the Galaxy||talked, started, enjoyed watched, worked, danced, cleaned, wanted, rained|
A few more examples of sentences in the past simple tense
This morning I cleaned my teeth.
Yesterday it rained all morning.
We enjoyed the party last night.
Lucy passed her exams because she studied hard.
Unfortunately, next to regular verbs in English there is a large group of irregular verbs that do not form the past form by adding the ending ed. For instance, the past simple form of the verb write is wrote not writed. For that reason, the sentence in past simple tense with this verb looks like that: Yesterday I wrote a letter to my uncle.
You can find all of irregular verbs in our table English irregular verbs with audio but below you will find the most common ones.
|Basic form||Past simple form||Pronunciation|
(depending on the subject)
(same spelling but different pronunciation)
We create questions in Past Simple by using the word Did at the beginning of the question, the verb returns to its basic form and, as always, we finish the sentence with a question mark:
A few more sample questions:
Did I clean my teeth this morning?
Did it rain yesterday all morning?
Did we enjoy the party last night?
Did Lucy pass her exams because she studied hard?
Negatives in past simple are created by placing did not (or didn't) after the subject. The verb appears in its basic form:
A few more examples of negative sentences:
This morning I didn't clean my teeth.
Yesterday it didn't rain all morning.
We didn't enjoy the party last night.
Lucy didn't pass her exams because she didn't study hard.