Past in Italian1 answer
Ciao! 😀 It is pretty similar to the Present perfect in English. You use an auxiliary verb together with the past participle. The only main difference is that we use two auxiliary verbs, namely to be and to have. We use the first generally for movements and the verb to be and also for the reflexive verbs, whereas the second is pretty much for anything else. For the past participle you need to get the stem of the verb and add ATO, ETO, ITO. Of course, some verbs are irregular.