English present simple tense

English

asked by
Zhi
published
9 months ago

Hi! I can speak little English. I try to understand how present simple works. Can you help?

1 answer
answered by
Pawel
published
9 months ago

Hi! Sure, I can help you 😀

Present simple tense usage

We use this present simple in following situations:

Unlike present simple, Present Continuous tense describes the activity that is taking place at the moment of speaking I'm cooking dinner for my family.

Compare these two sentences:

I go to work by bus, this is a recurring activity, in which case we will use present simple.

I'm going to work by bus, the person informs about what is going on at the moment (perhaps when talking on the phone) therefore present continuous is used.

Stative verbs

There is a group of verbs (so-called Stative Verbs), which in the present tense almost exclusively appear in the time of present simple. They do not describe activities, but the state of mind, emotions and feelings. There are exceptions, but it is a good rule to use them only in present simple (in regard to present situation, we can use Stative verb in past simple and other tenses). Here are some Stative verbs::

Attitudes and emotions: like, hate, dislike, fear, want, need, prefer, doubt, doubt, care, mind, promise, deny, concern

Knowledge and beliefs: believe, know, think, hope, doubt, imagine, mean, understand, realize, suppose, guess, remember, forget, agree, disagree

Being, having, relationships: be, have, own, possess, owe, belong, depend on, include, contain, consist of

Present simple tense sentences

Positive sentences in present simple tense are easy. In most cases, we use the basic form of the verb. For example:

I go to school
You read a lot
We speak English
They cook well

Only for the third person singular we add to the verb s or es if the verb ends with a vowel.

He goes to school
She reads a lot
Tom speaks English
Lucy cooks well

Questions

Similarly, in almost every case, we create a question by adding Do at the beginning of positive sentence and closing it with the question mark. Examples:

Do I go to school?
Do you read a lot?
Do we speak English?
Do they cook well?

Only in the case of the third person singular, we use the word Does at the beginning of the sentence. Notice, that the verb goes back to the basic form:

Does he go to school?
Does she read a lot?
Does Tom speak English?
Does Lucy cook well?

Negative sentences

Very similarly, to create negative sentence in almost every case we add don't (do not) before the basic form of the verb. Examples:

I don't go to school
You don't read a lot
We don't speak English
They don't cook well

However, in the case of the third person singular, we add doesn't (does not) before the verb. Examples:

He doesn't go to school
She doesn't read a lot
Tom doesn't speak English
Lucy doesn't cook well

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