Questions in Spanish

Spanish language Grammar

written by
Genesis Diaz
posted

There are a lot of questions we use in our every day conversation, but we do not realize how important they are, so today our lesson is about Spanish questions, how to make them and how to use adverbs correctly! Lets go into more details.

One good way of getting to know people easily is asking questions. For that reason, in this lesson I will give you an essential part of the Spanish language which is question words in Spanish.

I believe that memorizing them right away is a big step for you to use them any time you need it because you will surely need them a lot, believe me! and to avoid coming across them over and over, you should learn them right away and feel more comfortable when speaking.

These are the main question words in Spanish:

¿Qué? Play audio / ¿Cuál? Play audio What?

As you can see Qué and Cuál have the same word in English What, but they both differ in meaning. Does it seem confusing right?. Do not worry I will explain you a litlle bit more about the use of these words.

(1) Use Qué in Spanish if the word is preceed by a noun or the verb "be". For example:

¿Qué comida comes? What food are you eating?

¿Qué estas leyendo? What are you reading?

(2) Use Cuál to ask for specific information to question similar to the above mentioned. For example:

¿Cuál es tu comida favorita? What is your favorite food?

¿Cuándo? Play audio When?

When you want to ask when something occurs, you must use Cuándo. For example:

¿Cuándo viniste de España? When did you come from Spain?

¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? When is your birthday?

¿Cómo? Play audio How?

There are two ways of using this word. With and without accent mark. Como without accent is equivalent to as and like in English however Cómo with accent mark is used for questions. Example:

¿Cómo estas? How are you?

¿Cómo te sientes hoy? How do you feel today?

¿Por qué? Play audio Why?

Before teaching you about questions with Por qué in Spanish, I will quickly explain you an important fact about this word.

There are four Porques in Spanish (Por que, Por qué, Porque, Porqué), and as a native speaker it is easier to pronunce these four words and use them propertly when I am speaking, but when it comes to writing them, it is a different story,

So, do not feel like you are lost in this.

As you can see the one that is used for questions is Por qué. What differenciates this word from the others is that this is made up of two words with an accent above the é. Example:

¿Por qué viniste tarde? Why did you come late?

¿Por qué no comes? Why don´t you eat?

¿Quién? Play audio Who?

Quién is the equivalent of Who in English. its plural is Quiénes therefore you should match the number of the noun with the question word you will use. For example:

Singular

¿Quién eres? Who are you?

¿Quién vino a mi casa? Who did come to my house?

Plural

¿Quiénes son estos chicos? Who are these boys?

¿Quiénes irán a la fiesta? Who will go to the party?

¿Cuál? Play audio Which?

It is used when asking from a set of things or specific information. For example:

¿Cuál es tu carro? Which one is your car?

¿Cuál es la mochila que mas te gusta? Which is the backpack you like the most?

¿Dónde? Play audio Where?

This is the Spanish word for when in English. It is often used in the same way as in English.

¿Dónde vives? Where do you live?

¿Dónde estan las llaves? Where are the keys?


Quick note: In Spanish question words always have an accent mark and the sentences have two questions marks actually. One is at the beginning of the sentence and one at the end.

Please find a vocabulary list for this lesson as well as simple drag and drop exercise below 😀

Vocabulary

  • ¿Qué? / ¿Cuál? What?
  • ¿Dónde? Where?
  • ¿Cómo? How?
  • ¿Por qué? Why?
  • ¿Quién? Who?
  • ¿Cuál? Which?
  • ¿Cuándo? When?

Exercise

Drag and drop expressions to their correct translations.

What?

Which?

Who?

How?

When?

Where?

Why?

¿Cuál? ¿Qué? / ¿Cuál? ¿Dónde? ¿Por qué? ¿Cómo? ¿Cuándo? ¿Quién?
× Congrats, this is the correct order.
× Sorry, try again.